Fiedler was born in Newark, N.
He went on to the University of Wisconsin and Harvard University for graduate degrees. He proved to have a brilliant mind, which made it difficult, later in life, for critics to dismiss him. After his military service, he joined the faculty of Montana State University. He was appointed chairman of the English department and also became director of humanities studies during his 23 years on the faculty. Several of his early essays explored the theme of assimilation in Jewish American literature, a topic close to him and several of his Jewish American friends who were up-and-coming authors at the time, among them Bernard Malamud and Saul Bellow.
In Montana, Fiedler brought his literary heroes to campus.
Dinner with the poet W. In , Fiedler left Montana to join the faculty of the State University of New York at Buffalo, where he spent the rest of his life on the English faculty. His combative approach to educating young minds allowed him to say, for example, that James Fenimore Cooper was not a writer at all when he published his first novel. Eventually he received a small scholarship, but it was insufficient to fund his university education. He matriculated at the now-defunct Bronx, New York campus of New York University only after raising the money for tuition himself.
Fiedler's flirtations with socialist ideology continued in his undergraduate career.. He joined the Young Communist League and later aligned himself with Trotskyism. Fiedler did not gain admission to the elite eastern schools, he received a scholarship from the English graduate program at the University of Wisconsin—Madison , where he earned his MA in and PhD in Despite Fiedler's scholarship, his move to Wisconsin left him very short of funds.
He reportedly had to survive on forty cents a day, while his avowed Trotskyist beliefs were opposed by the university's Stalinist contingent. One of the more prominent of the campus Stalinists was Margaret Shipley, who became Fiedler's girlfriend. Within a few months of knowing each other, Fiedler and Shipley decided to marry in Leonard oversaw Fiedler's MA thesis a Marxist reading of Geoffrey Chaucer 's Troilus and Criseyde and his dissertation an interpretation of John Donne 's poetry in relation to medieval thought.
In , Fiedler was hired as an assistant professor at the University of Montana in Missoula.
In February his first son, Kurt, was born two months prematurely. He elected to join the Navy Reserve after the United States entered World War II in December due to incipient fissures in his marriage and a previously unrequited thirst for adventure. Following enlistment, he gained admission to the Navy's Japanese Language School in Boulder, Colorado , where he was placed in an intensive fourteen-month course taught by a melange of Japanese American businessmen and missionaries.
Initially suspected to be a security risk, Fiedler's lieutenant junior grade commission was delayed until the conclusion of a comprehensive background investigation; although Baxter Hathaway, a colleague at Montana, declared that Fiedler was a Lovestoneite , the investigator failed to pick up on the allusion. Following his commissioning, Fiedler was assigned to Pearl Harbor as a translator of intercepted intelligence in He transferred to the flagship of the fleet sent to engage the Japanese at the Battle of Iwo Jima as an intelligence officer primarily responsible for POW interrogations in At Iwo Jima, he witnessed the raising of the flag on Mount Suribachi and the photographed recreation that ensued.
After subsequent assignments in Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and China—the latter involving the repatriation of Japanese citizens following the resolution of the war—Fiedler was discharged from the Navy at his commissioned rank in early ; his certificate of discharge stated that he was "employed in a position of special trust and no further information regarding his service in the Navy can be disclosed.
Shortly before he completed the Japanese course in , his wife gave birth to his second son, Eric. He had four more children: Michael in , Debbie in , Jenny in , and Miriam in Fiedler was offered a postdoctoral fellowship at Harvard University by the Rockefeller Foundation. He took a number of courses including F. Fiedler's first critical work appeared in and came about from his habit of reading American novels to his sons.
The essay appeared in Partisan Review enabled by Fiedler's recent acquaintance with Delmore Schwartz and was the subject of debate. Pairs of men flee for wilderness rather than remain in the civilizing and domesticated world of women. As Winchell wrote in his book on Fiedler, "Reading 'Come Back to the Raft' over half a century later, one tends to forget that, prior to Fiedler, few critics had discussed classic American literature in terms of race , gender , and sexuality ".
Fiedler emphasized the fact the males paired in these wilderness adventures tend to be of different races as well, which created an additional critical dimension.
For instance, Queer theorist Christopher Looby argues that Fiedler's claims were noticeably given from a 20th Century urban perspective and did not adequately address the time period in which Huckleberry Finn was written i. Fiedler decided to return to Missoula. Fiedler's argument includes descriptions of Montanans that were thought to be offensive to the actual residents of his community. Through the late s and early s Fiedler's work appeared in several journals.
Even though the Kenyon Review was a journal often associated with New Criticism , Fiedler questioned the principles of New Criticism in his writing. Fiedler targeted New Criticism in his well-known essay "Archetype and Signature.
After a stint as a Fulbright lecturer in the universities of Rome and Bologna lasting from to , Fiedler became the Chair of the Department of English in the University of Montana. He held this post from to , during which time he fought against opposition to hire an African American professor.
In , Fiedler's book An End to Innocence was published; it was concerned with the necessity for America as a nation to move from a state of innocence to a state of experience or adulthood. In , Fiedler's defense of native rights was recognized by the Blackfoot Indian tribe. He was honored with the name "Heavy Runner" and made a chief.
“Too Good to Be True” is a comprehensive account of Leslie Fiedler's life and work. Born in , Fiedler has, in a sense, had four overlapping careers. He first . Too Good to Be True: The Life and Work of Leslie Fiedler by Winchell, Mark Royden () Hardcover on awegisoluj.tk *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
During his time at Princeton, Fiedler frequently travelled to New York City and forged connections with the editors of Esquire magazine. Fiedler's controversial short story "Nude Croquet" was published in Esquire in It was deemed offensive to the point that issues of the magazine had to be withdrawn from newsstands in Knoxville, Tennessee.
I have neither believed nor have I practiced since being thrown out of yeshiva high school—the charge sheet reading, as I would later imagine it, gross insubordination and incipient atheism. You should be proud of it! Hypatia Library added it Sep 02, I was not the first Jew, it turned out, to feel a little conspicuous upon arriving in the Northwest. Fitzgerald never did it again. Do you want to get together and sit around and talk like the old days? Cohn is at the bottom of the heap.
In his book on Fiedler, Winchell describes the nature of the eroticism described in the story:. In , Love and Death in the American Novel was published. It involves a deconstruction of the concept of the " great American novel " and how it is both derivative of, and separate from, the established European novel forms. The book offended many because of the manner in which Fiedler discusses the American literary tradition. A massive text of well over pages, Love and Death in the American Novel eventually underwent revision by Fiedler.
He produced a more streamlined, focused version of the book which was published in In , Fiedler became a Fulbright lecturer again, this time in Athens.